LOOK AT YOURSELF | Inside Cilo Cybin, SA’s first cannabis company listed on the JSE

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Cilo Cybin CEO Gabriel Theron. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

  • Cilo Cybin Pharmaceutical will be the first cannabis company in South Africa to be listed on the local stock exchange.
  • It is also the first South African company to obtain the cultivation, processing and packaging rights for marijuana products.
  • It plans to have its cannabis oils and vapes on retailer shelves by December.
  • For more stories see www.BusinessInsider.co.za.

South Africa’s only company licensed to grow, process and package cannabis products has brought its listing deadline forward and plans to have its products on retailer shelves by December.

Cilo Cybin, which was slated to be the first South African cannabis company to trade on the JSE, originally targeted August 2022 to be listed on the stock exchange. But now there is confidence that it will be listed within the next four to six months, Gabriel Theron, CEO of Cilo Cybin, told reporters this week.

We visited the high tech indoor growing and processing facility just outside Pretoria; This is what Cilo Cybin’s production process looks like, from planting to packaging.

Where it all begins; Growing cannabis

First comes the vegetative phase, when cannabis seeds that Cilo Cybin imports from the Netherlands are planted in large planters.

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The mother plant can survive for about 6 months before producing less useful marijuana leaves. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

The cannabis flowers from the initial sowing become the mother plant. The marijuana leaves that grow from the mother plant are then cut and cloned in smaller tanks of water in a process called aeroponics.

Aeroponics promotes root growth through an airy or foggy environment rather than soil.

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Rooting: Day 5. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

After rooting, the leaves are transplanted into smaller buckets, where they are fed with nutrients and watered for about four weeks.

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After rooting, the leaves are transplanted into smaller buckets. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

The flowering phase

Once the cloned leaves have flowered into whole plants, they are moved to a separate room, the flowering room, where they develop into marijuana buds. Once the buds are fully mature, they are harvested.

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The flowering room is subjected to strict lighting, water and temperature controls. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

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Then the cloned plants are grown in the flowering room. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

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The flowering phase takes place between the vegetative phase and harvest. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

After the harvest, the buds are dried and then the leaves and stems are cut off.

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The buds are stored separately after trimming. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

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After trimming. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

Then the processing phase

After flowering, the buds are stored in bags before extraction.

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The buds are weighed and packed in bags. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

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The buds are weighed and packed in bags. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

“What happened; it pulls all of the air out and pushes nitrogen in and out, so all that’s left is nitrogen between your buds. That preserves your product,” Theron said.

Before the extraction, the bags are sealed in a cold store regulated at -70 ° C. Processing begins after at least three hours of freezing.

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The bags are closed in a cold room regulated at -70 ° C. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

In the extraction room, the buds are then briefly thrown into a shredding machine.

After crushing, it is soaked in ethanol and then filtered out by a pump that sucks it into another vessel.

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The extraction room. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

The result is a mixture of bulk ethanol and cannabinoids that is then poured through a pipe into a spherical jar that is rotated in a bucket of hot water.

During this process the ethanol evaporates and separates from the oil, essentially the product.

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The cannabinoids are further processed. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

The oil is then processed further.

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Packing room: This is where the bottles and vape cartridges are filled. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

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The packing room. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

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The company hopes to have its products on shelves by the end of the year. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

cilo cybin

The company hopes to have its products on shelves by the end of the year. (Image: Business Insider South Africa / Ntando Thukwana)

It is then packaged in bottle vape cartridges. Then after the product is ready to ship.

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